The name Nicaragua comes from the Náhuatl, a dialect spoken by the settlers of ancient times. The word Nicaragua comes from Nicarao, which was the name of the cacique that ruled the country at the arrival of the Spanish conquerors. By the Náhuatl roots (NIC-ATL-NAHUAC) the name means “here next to the water".
The gentile of an inhabitant of Nicaragua is Nicaraguan in singular and Nicaraguans in plural
The population of Nicaragua is of approximately 5,465,100 inhabitants. This population is divided in four ethnic groups: Mestizos 69%, White 17%, Black 9% and Amerindian 5%.
The official language of Nicaragua is Spanish, but English is the language spoken in the Caribbean In this zone, the settlers also speak Miskito and other Amerindian languages.
The hour in Nicaragua is 6 hours following GMT hour.
The national currency is Cordoba or Peso as some call it. C$20.74 = US$1.00
The capital of Nicaragua is Managua.
Electricity: 110 volts, 60 Hertz. Visitors from Europe and other countries that bring electrical equipment will need to use an energy converter or current adapter taking round/rectangular pin, 220v/110v.